150 Best Architecture Schools in the World

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Choosing the right architecture school is important for aspiring architects, because it sets the foundation for their future careers. When it comes to finding the best architecture schools in the world, several factors come into consideration, including reputation, faculty expertise, facilities, and international recognition.

In this article, we will highlight 30 best architecture schools for aspiring architects.

Let’s get started.

Why Study Architecture?

Below are reasons why you should study Architecture:

  • To travel and explore human-made wonders from all around the world.
  • To become a brilliant problem solver and acquire technical skills to design buildings.
  • To learn how to plan buildings that line up with pre-existing structures and provide effective services.
  • To experience diversity of study and contact time with tutors and peers.
  • To make a difference in the environment and society by applying green architecture principles.

Important Things to Consider When Choosing an Architecture School

Consider your ideal learning environment when choosing an architectural school. A large college may offer a wide range of programs and studios, while a small institution may focus on sustainability or community design.

Faculty can also be a significant factor in a college’s reputation. It is important to know who teaches at a specific institution and their work.

Elite institutions attract working people from various fields, while smaller towns may have a greater number of new teachers with their own design or research interests.

Financial investments are essential in choosing an architecture school. Some universities are designed to be cost-effective, while others may have higher living costs.

Research the types of assistantships, scholarships, loans, and grants available, and check beyond tuition to see other costs involved.

List of the 150 Best Architecture Schools in the world

1University College LondonLondon, United Kingdom
2Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)Cambridge, United States
3Delft University of TechnologyDelft, Netherlands
4ETH ZurichZürich, Switzerland
5Manchester School of ArchitectureUnited Kingdom
6Harvard UniversityCambridge, United States
7National University of Singapore (NUS)Singapore, Singapore
8Tsinghua UniversityBeijing, China (Mainland)
9University of California, Berkeley (UCB)Berkeley, United States
10Politecnico di MilanoMilan, Italy
11University of CambridgeCambridge, United Kingdom
12Tongji UniversityShanghai, China (Mainland)
13EPFLLausanne, Switzerland
14The University of Hong KongHong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
15Columbia UniversityNew York City, United States
16The Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong Kong SAR, Hong Kong SAR
17The University of TokyoTokyo, Japan
18Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlanta, United States
19Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)Berlin, Germany
20University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)Los Angeles, United States
21Cornell UniversityIthaca, United States
22Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya · BarcelonaTech (UPC)Barcelona, Spain
23The University of MelbourneParkville, Australia
24Technical University of MunichMunich, Germany
25RMIT UniversityMelbourne, Australia
26KTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholm, Sweden
27Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM)Madrid, Spain
28Politecnico di TorinoTurin, Italy
29Seoul National UniversitySeoul, South Korea
30Tianjin UniversityTianjin, China (Mainland)
31The University of SydneySydney, Australia
32The University of SheffieldSheffield, United Kingdom
33KU LeuvenLeuven, Belgium
34Stanford UniversityStanford, United States
35University of Michigan-Ann ArborAnn Arbor, United States
36Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore)Singapore, Singapore
37Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC)Santiago, Chile
38University of British ColumbiaVancouver, Canada
39Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghai, China (Mainland)
40The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney)Sydney, Australia
41University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, United States
42Princeton UniversityPrinceton, United States
43University of TorontoToronto, Canada
44Peking UniversityBeijing, China (Mainland)
45Universidade de São PauloSão Paulo, Brazil
46Chalmers University of TechnologyGothenburg, Sweden
47Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech)Tokyo, Japan
48Aalto UniversityEspoo, Finland
49University of Texas at AustinAustin, United States
50Yonsei UniversitySeoul, South Korea
51Zhejiang UniversityHangzhou, China (Mainland)
52Cardiff UniversityCardiff, United Kingdom
53Carnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburgh, United States
54Chongqing UniversityChongqing, China (Mainland)
55City University of Hong KongHong Kong SAR
56Curtin UniversityPerth, Australia
57Eindhoven University of TechnologyEindhoven, Netherlands
58Hanyang UniversitySeoul, South Korea
59Harbin Institute of TechnologyHarbin, China (Mainland)
60Huazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhan, China (Mainland)
61KIT, Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruhe, Germany
62Korea UniversitySeoul, South Korea
63Kyoto UniversityKyoto, Japan
64Loughborough UniversityLoughborough, United Kingdom
65Lund UniversityLund, Sweden
66McGill UniversityMcGill UniversityMontreal, Canada
67Nanjing UniversityNanjing, China (Mainland)
68Newcastle UniversityNewcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
69Norwegian University of Science And TechnologyTrondheim, Norway
70Oxford Brookes UniversityOxford, United Kingdom
71Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park, United States
72Queensland University of Technology (QUT)Brisbane, Australia
73RWTH Aachen UniversityAachen, Germany
74Sapienza University of RomeRome, Italy
75South China University of TechnologyGuangzhou, China (Mainland)
76Southeast UniversityNanjing, China (Mainland)
77Technische Universität WienVienna, Austria
78Texas A&M UniversityCollege Station, United States
79The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)Hong Kong SAR, Hong Kong SAR
80The University of AucklandAuckland, New Zealand
81The University of EdinburghEdinburgh, United Kingdom
82The University of QueenslandBrisbane City, Australia
83Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)Mexico City, Mexico
84Universidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotá, Colombia
85Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)Buenos Aires, Argentina
86Universidad de ChileSantiago, Chile
87Università Iuav di VeneziaVenice, Italy
88Universitat Politecnica de ValenciaValència, Spain
89Universiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudai, Malaysia
90University of BathBath, United Kingdom
91University of FloridaGainesville, United States
92University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignChampaign, United States
93University of NottinghamNottingham, United Kingdom
94University of ReadingReading, United Kingdom
95University of Southern CaliforniaLos Angeles, United States
96University of Technology SydneyHaymarket, Australia
97University of WashingtonSeattle, United States
98Universität StuttgartStuttgart, Germany
99Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburg, United States
100Yale UniversityNew Haven, United States
101Aalborg UniversityAalborg, Denmark
102Aarhus UniversityAarhus, Denmark
103Alma Mater Studiorum - University of BolognaBologna, Italy
104Arizona State UniversityTempe, United States
105Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB)Bandung, Indonesia
106Chulalongkorn UniversityBangkok, Thailand
107Deakin UniversityBurwood, Australia
108Ghent UniversityGhent, Belgium
109Graz University of TechnologyGraz, Austria
110Hunan UniversityChangsha, China (Mainland)
111Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM)Chennai, India
112Istanbul Technical UniversityMaslak-Istanbul, Turkey
113King Fahd University of Petroleum & MineralsDhahran, Saudi Arabia
114Kyushu UniversityFukuoka City, Japan
115Monash UniversityMelbourne, Australia
116National Cheng Kung University (NCKU)Tainan City, Taiwan
117National Taipei University of TechnologyTaipei City, Taiwan
118National Technical University of AthensAthens, Greece
119New York University (NYU)New York City, United States
120Rice UniversityHouston, United States
121Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU)Suwon, South Korea
122Technische Universität DresdenDresden, Germany
123Tecnológico de MonterreyMonterrey, Mexico
124The Ohio State UniversityColumbus, United States
125The University of AdelaideAdelaide, Australia
126The University of Newcastle, Australia (UON)Callaghan, Australia
127Tohoku UniversitySendai City, Japan
128Universidad de SevillaSeville, Spain
129Universidad de los AndesBogotá, Colombia
130Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp)Campinas, Brazil
131Universidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro, Brazil
132Universiti Malaya (UM)Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
133Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)Gelugor, Malaysia
134University College DublinDublin, Ireland
135University of Cape TownCape Town, South Africa
136University of Colorado BoulderBoulder, United States
137University of GlasgowGlasgow, United Kingdom
138University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC)Chicago, United States
139University of LisbonLisbon, Portugal
140University of LiverpoolLiverpool, United Kingdom
141University of Minnesota Twin CitiesMinneapolis, United States
142University of PortoPorto, Portugal
143University of SalfordSalford, United Kingdom
144University of South AustraliaAdelaide, Australia
145University of StrathclydeGlasgow, United Kingdom
146University of WaterlooWaterloo, Canada
147Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain)Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
148Université de MontréalMontreal, Canada
149Wageningen University & ResearchWageningen, Netherlands
150Waseda UniversityTokyo, Japan

20 Best Architecture Schools in the World

1. University College London

  • Founded: 1826
  • Tuition fee: £9,250 for UK students and £28,500 for overseas students.

University College London, UCL offers three or five-year architecture programs, with 70% of education time spent in design studios and workshops.

The architecture students learn to practice architecture and use their skills imaginatively in various contexts. The program is taught by leading practitioners, specialists, and academics in small groups or one-to-one tutorials, with frequent review sessions.

The program introduces students to societal forces affecting architecture and architectural production, and also emphasizing on the indivisibility of architectural, cultural, professional, and technological realms.

The BSc in Architecture is accredited by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and the Architects Registration Board (ARB).

2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Founded: 10 April 1861
  • Tuition fee: 57,590 USD/year

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private land-grant research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with five schools and one college.

MIT was stablished in 1861, and it has a strong emphasis on scientific and technological research. It has an undergraduate enrollment of 4,638 in fall 2021.

The university’s School of Architecture is ranked as the best in the world, and it offers high-quality education with low quota architecture classes. MIT focuses on improving the quality of education and has an annual budget of 18 billion dollars.

3. Delft University of Technology

  • Founded: 1842
  • Tuition fee: 2,739 USD for domestic students and 10,955 USD per year for international students

TU Delft is the oldest technology university in the Netherlands and is a top architecture school that focuses on adapting buildings, neighborhoods, and cities to new insights and needs.

Bachelor students of Architecture, Urbanism, and Building Sciences, begin designing the world around them from the first day of their studies.

Students also engage with engineering, theory, and design in an interdisciplinary manner, developing analytical and creativity skills and spatial aptitude.

They work on design projects individually and in groups, learning about the interaction between technology, design, and society.

4. ETH Zurich

  • Founded: 16 October 1855
  • Tuition fee:  CHF 730 per Semester

ETH Zurich, founded in 1854, is an influential institution with a rich history of architecture.

The university offers a bachelor’s degree program in Architecture, divided into three areas: architectural design, construction, and art and creativity.

The first year focuses on developing perceptive and creative faculties, imparting the methodology of architectural design, and providing a foundation in natural sciences, technology, humanities and social sciences. The second and third years expand on this knowledge.

Six months of work experience in the field is required for a bachelor’s degree.

The master’s degree program aims to expand the knowledge acquired in the bachelor’s degree program, foster an independent approach, develop integrative thought and creative faculties, and handle larger-scale architectural assignments. To obtain a master’s degree, proof of external work experience lasting at least six months must be provided.

5. Manchester School of Architecture

  • Founded: 1996
  • Tuition fee: £21,500 per year

Manchester School of Architecture (MSA) is a collaboration between Manchester Metropolitan University and The University of Manchester, it has over 100 years of experience, 100 experts, and over 1000 students from 80 countries.

MSA produces creative, challenging, and academically rigorous work in Manchester.

MSA is recognized by professional bodies like the Architects’ Registration Board, Royal Institute for British Architects, and The Landscape Institute, and it offers degree courses for students to become qualified architects and landscape architects in the UK.

Many graduates have successful careers in practice and individual projects, including the Reichstag Dome in Berlin, the Olympic Park master plans in London and Rio de Janeiro, and the Highline in New York.

6. Harvard University

  • Founded: 8 September 1636
  • Tuition fee: 53,513 USD per year

Harvard, a top architecture school is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The university’s beautiful faculty building and academic background make its graduates stand out.

As of 2021, the total capital of the university is 53 billion dollars. The Master of Architecture (MArch) program is an accredited professional degree for individuals with a bachelor’s degree in a different design field or a pre-professional undergraduate major.

The architectural program is rigorous, and comprehensive, and prepares graduates for various professional activities in architecture. It emphasizes mastery of design through intensive design studio courses and a design thesis.

7. National University of Singapore (NUS)

  • Founded: 1905
  • Tuition fee: $9,600 per annum for Singapore citizens, $13,650 per annum for Singapore permanent residents, and $24,500 per annum for international students.

The National University of Singapore (NUS) is a young, rapidly developing university that offers education in various fields, including architecture, landscape architecture, and sustainable architecture. The university has a 5-7% acceptance rate and is known for its innovative approach and strong curriculum.

The B.A. (Arch) is a four-year Honours degree program that serves as the foundation for concurrent Master’s programs. The program emphasizes design excellence through studio research and exploration.

Students learn fundamental skills in drawing, model-making, and representation. In the final year, students can choose their individual specialization, leading to concurrent Master’s programs, promoting independent and advanced thinking for Master level architectural research.

8. Tsinghua University

  • Founded: 1911
  • Tuition fee: 30,000 CNY per year

Tsinghua University, founded in 1911, is a member of the C9 league, a group of nine Chinese universities that receive significant education funds.

The university’s architecture school began in 1946 and has 977 students, including 432 undergraduate 382 graduate, and 187 doctoral students.

The faculty has an average annual income of 75 million Yuan, which is used for research expenses and improving education quality. The Department of Architecture is responsible for architectural courses and bachelor, master, and Ph.D. programs.

As of 2012, the department has 44 full-time teachers with five research orientations: Architectural Design and Theory, Architectural Design and Technology, Architectural Design and Society, Culture, Art, Urban Design and Theory, and Architectural History and Theory.

9. University of California, Berkeley (UCB)

  • Founded: 1868
  • Tuition fee: $11,500 – $16,500

The University of California, Berkeley, is a research university founded in 1868 that offers a diverse undergraduate program in architecture.

The program combines environmental design and architecture courses with individual programs, providing a broad introduction to the field. Students can prepare for specializations in architectural design, representation, technologies, or building performance.

Some graduates obtain professional degrees in architecture or other related fields, while others work in architectural practice, construction, government, or industry.

The undergraduate program aims to establish a strong foundation for diverse architecture careers and provide mobility and flexibility to suit changing individual opportunities.

10. Politecnico di Milano

  • Founded: 1863
  • Tuition fee: $2700 /year

The Polytechnic University of Milan is the largest university in Italy. It offers an advanced program in Architecture and Urban Design. The program develops theoretical, humanistic, artistic, and design competences in architectural design.

It addresses housing cultures, contemporary cities, urban settlements in developing countries, building techniques innovation, and environmental sustainability.

The program caters to the growing need for architects to tackle complex problems and new professional responsibilities in Europe and worldwide.

11. University of Cambridge

  • Founded: $83088 /year
  • Tuition fee: 1209

Cambridge University, founded in 1231, is a prestigious educational institution with a rich history and a strong architectural faculty.

The University offers an Architecture program, which focuses on architectural qualification, and Design, which combines architecture, engineering, and materials science. The Architecture course emphasizes creativity, curiosity, and intellectual grounding.

The Design program offers a balanced curriculum in architecture, contemporary culture, urbanism, construction, structural design, and environmental design.

The program also provides a small, friendly department that has a good staff-to-student ratio and a supportive community atmosphere, allowing students to push the boundaries and develop their skills in exciting new directions.

12. Tongji University

  • Founded: 1907
  • Tuition fee: $2,998 / year

Tongji University, founded in 1907, offers education to 36,000 students through bilateral partnerships with UNSW Sydney University. This program enables international students to obtain dual-degree architects, allowing them to graduate as global architects with a global understanding of Australian and Chinese architectural traditions.

The College of Architecture and Urban Planning at Tongji University and the Faculty of the Built Environment at the University of New South Wales are working together to establish a 2+2 dual bachelor’s degree program in Architecture.

The teaching team, led by Prof. Glenn Murcutt from the University of New South Wales and Prof. Zhang Yonghe from Tongji University, will provide students with a strong professional foundation, comprehensive knowledge, and a strong international perspective.

The program aims to prepare students for state building, internationalized education, and social development, ensuring they possess a strong professional foundation, hands-on abilities, and international perspectives.

13. EPFL

  • Founded: 1853
  • Tuition fee: About USD 844 per semester

EPFL, a renowned technology institute in Switzerland is a public research university in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is established in 1969, and it offers theoretical, scientific, and applied training at the bachelor’s level, followed by master’s studies on environmental preservation, sustainable development, energy optimization, materials, production costs, and socio-economic planning.

Architecture students at EPFL enjoy exceptional logistical and tutoring conditions, including individual workspaces, IT infrastructure, a modeling workshop, a library, and support and advisory staff.

14. The University of Hong Kong

  • Founded: 1887
  • Tuition fee: HK$ 164000 per year

Hong Kong University Faculty of Architecture offers a multidisciplinary education in architecture, combining traditional methods and technological tools. The university focuses on the Pearl River Delta, a significant city-building experiment.

The faculty offers undergraduate, master’s, and doctoral degrees in architecture, architectural conservation, landscape, surveying, and urban studies. The university also offers merit-scholarship to deserving students.

15. Columbia University

  • Founded: 1754
  • Tuition fee: $30,540 per semester

Columbia University is a top US university with a large budget. The Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation (GSAPP) provides students with expertise in architecture and the ability to redefine it.

The curriculum emphasizes analyzing and challenging design professions, preparing students for careers in architecture, urban design, historic preservation, urban planning, or real estate development.

Students participate in shaping knowledge about the built environment and see architecture as a form of cultural production.

16. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

  • Founded: 1937
  • Tuition fee: HK$42,100 (for local students) while the fee for non-local students is HK$145,000 per academic year

Hong Kong Polytechnic University PolyU is a top Asian university with a top architecture school. It is located in Kowloon, the campus consists of over 20 nested buildings and is one of the largest and busiest in the world.

The university combines art and science, offering high-quality design education and impactful research and consultancy work.

17. The University of Tokyo

  • Founded: 1877
  • Tuition fee: $3.76k per year

The University of Tokyo (UTokyo) is a public research university in Tokyo, Japan. The university focuses on the architecture department in engineering.

The department focuses on four main fields: architectural structure, architectural environment, architectural planning, and architecture.

The school emphasizes the acquisition of architectural design skills and a wide range of scientific knowledge. The curriculum includes specialized areas of practical technique and subjects, advancing in a phased manner based on design challenges each academic year.

The curriculum also conforms to architecture-related subjects for certified architects.

18. Georgia Institute of Technology

  • Founded: 13 October 1885
  • Tuition fee: 20,715 USD per year for masters

Georgia Institute of Technology is a public research university in Atlanta, Georgia. It offers an architectural education intertwined with technology.

The undergraduate program in architecture at Georgia Tech is a unique blend of design, technology, and science, preparing students for graduate-level study, professional licensure, and entrepreneurial opportunities in design, planning, construction, and business. Georgia Institute of Technology has various scholarships for undergraduates.

19. Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)

  • Founded: 1879
  • Tuition fee: €600 per Semester

TU Berlin is a renowned German technical university with English and German departments.

The bachelor’s program in Architecture focuses on project-based teaching and studies, students develop specific concepts through creative processes and architectural renderings.

After completing their first year, they expand their perspective on urban construction design and urban surroundings, providing a foundation for more in-depth work in the fourth and fifth semesters.

The degree equips students with knowledge of construction plans, architecture, and urban construction, preparing them for careers in architecture and administration.

20. University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

  • Founded: 1881
  • Tuition fee: $16,325.37 for California residents and $28,570.37 for international students.

UCLA is a public research university in Los Angeles, California. Its architecture school offers students a comprehensive education with technology and sociability.

The faculty has two research centers and a satellite campus called IDEAS, which houses a robotics lab, AR-VR labs, and a manufacturing facility.

The Bachelor of Arts in Architectural Studies curriculum focuses on the fundamental ordering systems of architecture, and its relationships to political, social, and cultural constructs.

The major includes coursework in critical studies, technology, and design, fostering critical thinking and engagement with historical and contemporary disciplinary contexts.

FAQs on Best Architecture Schools in the World

Can I apply to these architecture schools if I am an international student?

Yes, many of the top-ranked architecture schools welcome international students. They often have specific admission requirements and support services for international applicants.

Do all the listed architecture schools offer undergraduate and graduate programs?

Yes, most of the listed architecture schools offer both undergraduate and graduate programs in architecture or related fields.

Are there any scholarships or financial aid available for students attending these schools?

Many architecture schools provide scholarships, grants, or financial aid opportunities to qualified students.


Selecting the best architecture school is crucial for an individual’s future career and success. However, the ideal school may vary based on personal goals, interests, and preferences.

Prospective students should conduct research, visit schools, and confirm that they meet the degree requirements.

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